In the 6th century BC, Samos was the leading maritime and mercantile power in Greece. Its importance is reflected in the extent of wealth in the archaeological remains that lies undisturbed by the subsequent development in the site. Samos includes two outstanding features: The ancient city of Pythagoreion and the Classical Temple of Heraion.

Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos you gotta go here
Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos you gotta go here

In the 6th century BC, Samos was the leading maritime and mercantile power in Greece. Its importance is reflected in the extent of wealth in the archaeological remains that lies undisturbed by the subsequent development in the site. Samos includes two outstanding features: The ancient city of Pythagoreion and the Classical Temple of Heraion.

Pythagoreion

Pythagoreion is a classic site that illustrates the Greek colonization with an alacrity that is unrivaled by any other archaeological site. The fact that it possessed a good natural harbor behind it is a classic example of the Greek masterly in selecting a site for a city. Another advantage that contributed to the development of the city is the nearness to the Asia Minor. It was the obvious gateway for the goods to be transported to the rest of Europe. The city had been settled as early as 4th century, but the main settlement dates back to 16th century BC. During this time, the city was colonized by Minoans from Crete who were later supplanted by the Myceneans.

The ancestors of the Samians migrated to the town from Epidaurus in the 11th century BC after the turmoil of the Trojan War. By the 6th century BC, Samos had evolved into a major nautical power in the Eastern Mediterranean and had fomented close trade ties with Asia Minor. Samos established a colony in the coast of Ionia. Unfortunately, the political influence of the Samians declined when it was conquered by the Persians. Under the Hellenists and Romans, the city continued to be an important trading hub. Much later, Samos would be ruled by Byzantines, Turks, and Venetians.

The city features:

  • Hellenistic Era - Fortifications
  • Roman Era - Aqueducts, Sewage System, Public Buildings, Sanctuaries, Public Baths, Stadiums Townhouses etc.

The great Temple of Hera (Heraion)

8th century BC- The Great Temple of Hera was the first Greek temple to be surrounded by a peristyle of columns; its 7th-century successor was also innovatory in that it was the first temple to have a double row of columns across the front. Altars, statues bases, smaller temples, stoas etc. are some of the features you will find around the complex of Heraion.

If not for the historical value that these 2 establishments possess, visit them for their architectural beauty. A picture with the two monuments in the background will make you an instant hit on Facebook or Pininterest.


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